Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors

Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors A class of compounds that reduces the secretion of H+ ions by the proximal kidney tubule through inhibition of CARBONIC ANHYDRASES. Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
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Acetazolamide

Acetazolamide One of the CARBONIC ANHYDRASE INHIBITORS that is sometimes effective against absence seizures. It is sometimes useful also as an adjunct in the treatment of tonic-clonic, myoclonic, and atonic seizures, particularly in women whose seizures occur or are exacerbated at specific times in the menstrual cycle. However, its usefulness is transient often because of [...]
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Aminosalicylic Acid

Synonyms : 2-HYDROXY-4-aminobenzoic acid, 4-aminosalicylate, 4-aminosalicylic acid, Aminosalicylic acid, p-aminosalicylic acid, para-amino salicylic acid, para-aminosalicylic acid, PAS, Paser Status : approved Antitubercular Agents DRUGS FOR TREATMENT OF TUBERCULOSIS ANTIINFECTIVES FOR SYSTEMIC USE ANTIMYCOBACTERIALS DRUGS FOR TREATMENT OF TUBERCULOSIS An antitubercular agent often administered in association with isoniazid. The sodium salt of the drug is better […]

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Memantine

Synonyms : 1-Amino-3,5-dimethyladamantane, 1,3-Dimethyl-5-adamantanamine, 3,5-Dimethyl-1-adamantanamine, 3,5-Dimethyl-1-aminoadamantane, 3,5-Dimethyltricyclo(3.3.1.1(3,7))decan-1-amine, Memantina, Memantine, Memantinum Status : approved Dopamine Agents ANTI-DEMENTIA DRUGS NERVOUS SYSTEM PSYCHOANALEPTICS ANTI-DEMENTIA DRUGS Antiparkinson Agents Memantine is an amantadine derivative with low to moderate-affinity for NMDA receptors. It is a noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist that binds preferentially to NMDA receptor-operated cation channels. It blocks the effects […]

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Cathinone

Synonyms : D-Cathinone, β-ketoamphetamine Status : experimental Central Nervous System Stimulants Cathinone (β-ketoamphetamine) is a monoamine alkaloid found in the shrub Catha edulis (Khat). Closely related to ephedrine, cathine and other amphetamines, it is probably the main contributor to the stimulant effect of Catha edulis. Cathinone differs from many other amphetamines in that its structure […]

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Diclofenamide

Synonyms : 1,3-disulfamoyl-4,5-dichlorobenzene, 1,3-Disulfamyl-4,5-dichlorobenzene, 3,4-Dichloro-5-sulfamylbenzenesulfonamide, 4,5-Dichloro-1,3-benzenedisulfonamide, 4,5-dichloro-1,3-disulfamoylbenzene, 4,5-Dichloro-benzene-1,3-disulfonic acid diamide, 4,5-dichloro-m-benzenedisulfonamide, 4,5-DICHLOROBENZENE-1,3-disulfonamide, Dichlofenamide, Dichlorophenamide, Dichlorphenamide, Diclofenamida, Diclofenamide, Diclofenamidum Status : approved Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors ANTIGLAUCOMA PREPARATIONS AND MIOTICS SENSORY ORGANS OPHTHALMOLOGICALS ANTIGLAUCOMA PREPARATIONS AND MIOTICS Anti-glaucoma Agents A carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that is used in the treatment of glaucoma. [PubChem] For adjunctive treatment of: chronic […]

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Primidone

Synonyms : 5-Phenyl-5-ethyl-hexahydropyrimidine-4,6-dione, Desoxyphenobarbital, Mysoline, Primaclone, Primidon, Primidona, Primidone, Primidonum Status : approved Anticonvulsants ANTIEPILEPTICS NERVOUS SYSTEM ANTIEPILEPTICS ANTIEPILEPTICS Barbiturates An antiepileptic agent related to the barbiturates; it is partly metabolized to phenobarbital in the body and owes some of its actions to this metabolite. Adverse effects are reported to be more frequent than with […]

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Zonisamide

Synonyms : 1,2-Benzisoxazole-3-methanesulfonamide, 3-(Sulfamoylmethyl)-1,2-benzisoxazole, Benzo[D]isoxazol-3-yl-methanesulfonamide, Zonisamida, Zonisamidum Status : approved Antioxidants ANTIEPILEPTICS NERVOUS SYSTEM ANTIEPILEPTICS ANTIEPILEPTICS Anticonvulsants Zonisamide is a sulfonamide anticonvulsant approved for use as an adjunctive therapy in adults with partial-onset seizures. Zonisamide may be a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor although this is not one of the primary mechanisms of action. Zonisamide may act […]

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Carbamazepine

Synonyms : 5-Carbamoyl-5H-dibenz(b,f)azepine, 5-Carbamoyl-5H-dibenz[b,F]azepine, 5-Carbamoyl-5H-dibenzo(b,F)azepine, 5-Carbamyl-5H-dibenzo(b,F)azepine, 5H-Dibenz(b,F)azepine-5-carboxamide, Carbamazepen, Carbamazepin, Carbamazepina, Carbamazépine, Carbamazepinum, CBZ Status : approved Anticonvulsants ANTIEPILEPTICS NERVOUS SYSTEM ANTIEPILEPTICS ANTIEPILEPTICS Antimanic Agents An anticonvulsant used to control grand mal and psychomotor or focal seizures. Its mode of action is not fully understood, but some of its actions resemble those of phenytoin; although there […]

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Lithium

Synonyms : Li(+), Lithium cation, Lithium ion, Lithium, ion, Lithium, ion (li1+) Status : approved ANTIPSYCHOTICS NERVOUS SYSTEM PSYCHOLEPTICS ANTIPSYCHOTICS Lithium was used during the 19th century to treat gout. Lithium salts such as lithium carbonate (Li2CO3), lithium citrate, and lithium orotate are mood stabilizers. They are used in the treatment of bipolar disorder, since […]

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